18 - To make a Marchpane
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by [name]


Introduction
This entry is a re-creation of a recipe from Delights for Ladies (England, 1609), entitled "18 - To make a Marchpane". [insert a brief description of dish here, possibly including any or all of the following: characteristics of the final dish, when or how it might have been served, and why you selected it]


The Source Recipe
The original text of the recipe is as follows:

18 - To make a Marchpane. Take two pounds of Almonds being blanched and dryed in a sieve over a fire: beat them in a stone mortar; and when they bee small, mix with them two pounds of sugar being finely beaten, adding 2 or 3 spoonfuls of Rose-water, and that will keeps your almonds from oyling. When your paste is beaten fine, drive it thin with a rowling ping, and so lay it on a bottom of wafers: then raise up a little edge on the side, and so bake it: then yce it with Rose-water and sugar: then put it into the oven once again, and when you see your yce is rise up, & dry, then take it out of the oven, & garnish it with pretty conceits, as birds and beasts, being cast out of standing moulds. Stick long comfits upright in it: cast biskets and carrowaies on it, and so serve it: gild it before you serve it: you may also print off this Marchpane paste in your molds for banquetting dishes: and of this paste our comfitmakers at this day make their letters, knots, Arms, Escocheons, beasts, birds, and other fancies.



Related Recipes
While interpreting this recipe, I also considered the following recipes that appear to be related:
[edit as appropriate - note that this section should be left out if no related recipes can be found]

12 - To make an excellent Marchpane paste, to print off in moulds for banquetting dishes. Take to every Jordan Almond blanched, three spoonefuls of the whitest refined sugar you can get: searce your sugar, and now and then, as you see cause, put in two or three drops of damask Rose-water: beare the same in a smooth stone mortar, with great labour, until you have brought it into a dry stiffe paste: one quarterne of sugar is sufficient to worke at once.

Make your paste in little bals, every ball containing so much by estimation, as will cover your mould or print; then roune the same with a rowling pin upon a sheet of cleane paper, without strewing any powdered sugar either upon your paste or paper. There is a countrey Gentlewoman whom I could name, which venteth great store of sugar-cakes made of this composition. But the only fault which I find in this paste is, that it tasteth too much of the sugar, and too little of the almonds: and therefore you may prove the making thereof by such almonds which have had some of their oil taken from them by expression, before you incorporate them with the sugar; and so happely you may mix a greater quantity of them with the sugar, because they are not oylie as the other.

You may mix cinamon or ginger in your paste, & that will both grace the taste, and alter the colour, but the spice must passe thorow a faire searce; you may steep your almonds in cold water all night, & so blanch them cold, and being blanched, dry them in a sieve over the fire. Heere the garble of almonds will make a cheap paste. [Delights for Ladies]

135. Marzipans. Take almonds which are select, and wholesome, and well-peeled in boiling water. And grind them very well, moistening the pestle of the mortar in rosewater so that they don't become oily. And when they are well-ground, cast in as much syrupy sugar as there will be almonds; and let it be well-ground, and strained through a silk sieve; and make good paste incorporating the sugar little by little, and not with large amounts, so that you don't make the paste viscous, and spread them out very well.

The way to cook and glaze them:

Take fine sugar which is very well-ground, and strain it through a sieve of silk; and for a syrup put it in this way, and blend it with rosewater which is reasonably thick.

It is necessary that the oven is not very intense, but temperate; and take the sheet on which you will cook the marzipans, and heat it in the oven; and when it is hot, cast flour on it, under the marzipans, so that they don't stick; and put them in the oven until you see that you cannot bear to touch them with the back of your hand; and if the outside is not cooked, be sure to return it to the edge of the sheet with the outside on the inside. And then take them out and with a little spoon cast glaze upon them, and with some feathers spread it out all over. And then return them gently to the oven until the glaze hardens, as you think [right] according to the practice you have seen. [Libre del Coch]

22 If you would make good marzipan. First take a half pound of almonds and soak them overnight in cold well water, take them out in the morning. Next pound them well until they become oily, pour a little rose water on them and pound them further. When they become oily again, then pour a little more rose water thereon. Do this until they no longer become oily. And pound the almonds as small as possible. After that take a half pound of sugar, pound not quite all of it in, leaving a little left over. Next, when the almonds and sugar are pounded well together, put them in a bowl, take the lid from a small box, loosen the rim completely, so that it can be detached and put back on again, however leave the lid and the rim together. Take wafers and make them about as wide as a pastry shell, very round. Spread the almond paste described above with the fingers onto the wafers, moistening the fingers with rose water and dipping the almond paste into the sugar, which you have kept in reserve. After that, when you have spread it out evenly with your hands, take the sugar that you have reserved and sprinkle it through a sieve evenly over the marzipan. And take a small brush and dip it in rose water and sprinkle the marzipan overall, so that the sugar is dissolved. Then let it bake. Check it often, so that it is not burnt. It should be entirely white. The amount of a half pound is necessary, so that the oil remains. [Das Kuchbuch der Sabina Welserin]

91. MARZIPANS FOR INVALIDS WHO HAVE LOST THE DESIRE TO EAT, VERY GOOD AND OF GREAT SUSTENENCE. Take a very fat capon or a hen which is very fat, and cook it with just your salt until it is very well-cooked; then take the breasts from it, and all the white meat without skin, and weigh that meat, and take as much peeled almonds, and combine the meat and the almonds; and take as much fine white sugar as all of this, and grind the almonds a great deal, and then the meat with them, and then the sugar; and then grind everything together, and stretch that dough upon a wafer, and make little marzipans of the size that you wish; and make the edges a little high, and let it be a little deep in the middle; and moisten it with orange-flower water with some feathers. And then sprinkle fine ground and sifted sugar over that water, and then moisten it again, and sprinkle it as before; and then cook them in the oven in some flat casseroles, and paper underneath; and let the fire of the oven be moderate; and upon removing it from the casserole, the paper must be cast off of each one, in such a manner that the marzipan does not break. And this is a very singular dish and of great support for the invalids who have lost the [desire] to eat; because the little of this that they eat is of more sustenance than any other thing; principally drinking in addition to it the sulsido of hens made in the jug; and this cannot have a value placed upon it. [Libre del Coch]

Fruit Made of Sugar [Marzipan]. Add one part of sieved sugar to one part of cleaned and pound almonds. Knead it all with rose water and roll your hand in almond oil and make with it whatever you want of all fruits and shapes, if God wishes. [An Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook]

To make Marzipan. Take almonds appointed as above, & flatten the paste as for making a tart, then form the marzipan as fancy as you want, then take sifted sugar & mix with rose water, & beat it together that it is like a thick batter, cast there a little on the marzipan, & flatten with a well held knife until the marzipan is all covered, then put it into the oven on paper: when you see that it boils thereon & that it does like ice, tear apart from the oven, when it doesn't boil, & sprinkle on nutmeg: if you want it golden, make it so. [Ouverture de Cuisine]

[if desired and applicable, add notes here about significant commonalities or differences between the main recipe and any similar ones]


Materials
The original recipe calls for the following ingredients: [edit this list as appropriate]

nuts
sugar
roses
pastry
wafers
birds


[if desired and applicable, add notes here about the ingredients - if any substitutions were made, explain why - also note what quantities were used for each ingredient and, if possible, why]


Procedure
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Bibliography

[Replace citations with those from books where appropriate and/or possible. Make sure any links work, and that the referenced text is presented accurately]

Searchable index of "Delights for Ladies". Medieval Cookery.
  <http://www.medievalcookery.com/search/display.html?delig:18>. Accessed on August 19, 2019, 9:56 pm.

Searchable index of "Libre del Coch". Medieval Cookery.
  <http://www.medievalcookery.com/search/display.html?libre:135>. Accessed on August 19, 2019, 9:56 pm.

Searchable index of "Das Kuchbuch der Sabina Welserin". Medieval Cookery.
  <http://www.medievalcookery.com/search/display.html?kuchb:22>. Accessed on August 19, 2019, 9:56 pm.

Searchable index of "An Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook". Medieval Cookery.
  <http://www.medievalcookery.com/search/display.html?anony:492>. Accessed on August 19, 2019, 9:56 pm.

Searchable index of "Ouverture de Cuisine". Medieval Cookery.
  <http://www.medievalcookery.com/search/display.html?ouver:74>. Accessed on August 19, 2019, 9:56 pm.




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